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[Xen-changelog] Add a HOWTO to help writing tests, includes domains with networking.

# HG changeset patch
# User stekloff@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
# Node ID 39fa9a75d84b93ff1ce9bf4ddf832bc022f28295
# Parent  51908f382f926475834a807a6e7e357212c0db28
Add a HOWTO to help writing tests, includes domains with networking.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Stekloff <dsteklof@xxxxxxxxxx>
 tools/xm-test/Writing_Tests_HOWTO |  134 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 files changed, 134 insertions(+)

diff -r 51908f382f92 -r 39fa9a75d84b tools/xm-test/Writing_Tests_HOWTO
--- /dev/null   Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/tools/xm-test/Writing_Tests_HOWTO Thu May 04 14:22:38 2006 +0100
@@ -0,0 +1,134 @@
+Writing Tests HOWTO
+One goal for xm-test is to make test writing very easy. Xm-test includes
+a library in lib/XmTestLib that contains all the necessary methods for
+creating and shutting down domains. Include the library in your test by
+importing it:
+  from XmTestLib import *
+1. Tests should be short and single purposed. This means testing as
+   little as possible in a single test. Do not overload tests. The more
+   that's in a test the more difficult it is to track down what failed.
+2. Tests should report as much information as possible when calling
+   FAIL() or SKIP().
+3. A test should report SKIP() only if it cannot be run on the current
+   machine or it makes no sense to run it. SMP tests on an UP system, 
+   for example, may not make sense. Or, there are some tests for
+   para-virtualized guests that won't work on a fully virtualized 
+   guest.
+4. Use the traceCommand() function to run commands on Domain0, the 
+   Xen management domain. This function logs everything, which is useful
+   in case of failure.
+5. Use the domain's console.runCmd method to run commands on a guest
+   domain. This ensures logging and consistency. Please see 'Creating
+   and Using Domains' below for an example.
+6. Tests need to capture and handle libary exceptions such as:
+ - ConsoleError can be raised when sending a command to a console.
+ - DomainError can be raised when a domain is started, indicating
+   a possible configuration error.
+ - TimeoutError can be raised when the traceCommand() method is used.
+7. Tests shouldn't depend on where the test is being run from or the
+   system on which it is run.
+8. Please use the existing tests for a guide, especially:
+ - create/01_create_basic_pos.py
+ - create/13_create_multinic_pos.py
+ - memset/01_memset_basic_pos.py
+ - reboot/01_reboot_basic_pos.py
+ - migrate/01_migrate_localhost_pos.py
+Creating and Using Domains
+Xen domains, both full and para virtualized, are represented by the 
+XmTestDomain class. The class contains methods for starting a Xen domain,
+shutting it down, or destroying it. Consoles, used to execute commands
+on guest test domains, are opened and closed through the XmTestDomain
+class. Devices, which are represented by the XenDevice class, are also
+added and removed using XmTestDomain methods. 
+Here's a simple example for creating a domain, opening a console, running
+a command, and then shutting down the domain:
+1) Create a domain:
+    domain = XmTestDomain()
+2) Start the domain and grab a console:
+    try:
+        console = domain.start()
+    except DomainError, e:
+        if verbose:
+            print "Failed to create test domain because:"
+            print e.extra
+        FAIL(str(e))
+3) Run a command inside the new domain using the console, saving the
+   console log if an error is encountered:
+    try:
+        # Run 'ls'
+        run = console.runCmd("ls")
+    except ConsoleError, e:
+        saveLog(console.getHistory())
+        FAIL(str(e))
+4) Stop the domain, which nicely shuts it down:
+    domain.stop()
+Writing Tests with Networking
+The xm-test suite includes the ability to test networking for domains. 
+Networking is configured at configuration time. While testing NAT and
+routing environments in the future, the current xm-test only supports
+a bridging environment. Xm-test currently only supports a range of
+IPs, the dhcp feature will be added soon.
+The network tests will need to know what IPs to use. IPs are configured
+when you build xm-test. Xm-test uses the zeroconf address range by
+default, If you'd like to set a new range,
+do so at configure time, a netmask and network address must also be defined:
+    # ./configure --with-net-ip-range= 
--with-network-address= --with-netmask=
+The tests will not need to set network information, this is done by 
+the library once it's configured.
+As mentioned above, xm-test's goal is to make writing tests easy. Creating
+domains with networking should also be easy. To create a domain with
+a single network interface, tests can use a XmTestNetDomain object. It
+creates a XenNetDevice for the domain automatically using the pre-configured
+IP information. Otherwise, a network interface can be added to a domain
+prior to starting it (the ability to attach devices will be added):
+    domain = XmTestDomain()
+    domain.newDevice(XenNetDevice, "eth0")
+    domain.newDevice(XenNetDevice, "eth1")
+Here, the domain is created and then the XenDomain factory newDevice
+is called to create a new device of class XenNetDevice to the domain. 
+The xm-test library will automatically assign an IP from the configured
+list, execute ifconfig on the guest domain console, and create an
+alias on Domain0. 

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