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[Xen-changelog] [qemu-upstream-unstable] vfio-pci: Make host MSI-X enable track guest

commit f042cca009607d4571cbe87323967535fe63daf7
Author:     Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@xxxxxxxxxx>
AuthorDate: Tue Jan 8 14:09:03 2013 -0700
Commit:     Michael Roth <mdroth@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
CommitDate: Tue Jan 15 23:05:44 2013 -0600

    vfio-pci: Make host MSI-X enable track guest
    Guests typically enable MSI-X with all of the vectors in the MSI-X
    vector table masked.  Only when the vector is enabled does the vector
    get unmasked, resulting in a vector_use callback.  These two points,
    enable and unmask, correspond to pci_enable_msix() and request_irq()
    for Linux guests.  Some drivers rely on VF/PF or PF/fw communication
    channels that expect the physical state of the device to match the
    guest visible state of the device.  They don't appreciate lazily
    enabling MSI-X on the physical device.
    To solve this, enable MSI-X with a single vector when the MSI-X
    capability is enabled and immediate disable the vector.  This leaves
    the physical device in exactly the same state between host and guest.
    Furthermore, the brief gap where we enable vector 0, it fires into
    userspace, not KVM, so the guest doesn't get spurious interrupts.
    Ideally we could call VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS with the right parameters
    to enable MSI-X with zero vectors, but this will currently return an
    error as the Linux MSI-X interfaces do not allow it.
    Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@xxxxxxxxxx>
    Cc: qemu-stable@xxxxxxxxxx
    (cherry picked from commit b0223e29afdc88cc262a764026296414396cd129)
    Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <mdroth@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
 hw/vfio_pci.c |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/hw/vfio_pci.c b/hw/vfio_pci.c
index fbfe670..46dce55 100644
--- a/hw/vfio_pci.c
+++ b/hw/vfio_pci.c
@@ -562,8 +562,8 @@ static int vfio_enable_vectors(VFIODevice *vdev, bool msix)
     return ret;
-static int vfio_msix_vector_use(PCIDevice *pdev,
-                                unsigned int nr, MSIMessage msg)
+static int vfio_msix_vector_do_use(PCIDevice *pdev, unsigned int nr,
+                                   MSIMessage *msg, IOHandler *handler)
     VFIODevice *vdev = DO_UPCAST(VFIODevice, pdev, pdev);
     VFIOMSIVector *vector;
@@ -587,7 +587,7 @@ static int vfio_msix_vector_use(PCIDevice *pdev,
      * Attempt to enable route through KVM irqchip,
      * default to userspace handling if unavailable.
-    vector->virq = kvm_irqchip_add_msi_route(kvm_state, msg);
+    vector->virq = msg ? kvm_irqchip_add_msi_route(kvm_state, *msg) : -1;
     if (vector->virq < 0 ||
         kvm_irqchip_add_irqfd_notifier(kvm_state, &vector->interrupt,
                                        vector->virq) < 0) {
@@ -596,7 +596,7 @@ static int vfio_msix_vector_use(PCIDevice *pdev,
             vector->virq = -1;
-                            vfio_msi_interrupt, NULL, vector);
+                            handler, NULL, vector);
@@ -639,6 +639,12 @@ static int vfio_msix_vector_use(PCIDevice *pdev,
     return 0;
+static int vfio_msix_vector_use(PCIDevice *pdev,
+                                unsigned int nr, MSIMessage msg)
+    return vfio_msix_vector_do_use(pdev, nr, &msg, vfio_msi_interrupt);
 static void vfio_msix_vector_release(PCIDevice *pdev, unsigned int nr)
     VFIODevice *vdev = DO_UPCAST(VFIODevice, pdev, pdev);
@@ -697,6 +703,22 @@ static void vfio_enable_msix(VFIODevice *vdev)
     vdev->interrupt = VFIO_INT_MSIX;
+    /*
+     * Some communication channels between VF & PF or PF & fw rely on the
+     * physical state of the device and expect that enabling MSI-X from the
+     * guest enables the same on the host.  When our guest is Linux, the
+     * guest driver call to pci_enable_msix() sets the enabling bit in the
+     * MSI-X capability, but leaves the vector table masked.  We therefore
+     * can't rely on a vector_use callback (from request_irq() in the guest)
+     * to switch the physical device into MSI-X mode because that may come a
+     * long time after pci_enable_msix().  This code enables vector 0 with
+     * triggering to userspace, then immediately release the vector, leaving
+     * the physical device with no vectors enabled, but MSI-X enabled, just
+     * like the guest view.
+     */
+    vfio_msix_vector_do_use(&vdev->pdev, 0, NULL, NULL);
+    vfio_msix_vector_release(&vdev->pdev, 0);
     if (msix_set_vector_notifiers(&vdev->pdev, vfio_msix_vector_use,
                                   vfio_msix_vector_release)) {
         error_report("vfio: msix_set_vector_notifiers failed\n");
generated by git-patchbot for /home/xen/git/qemu-upstream-unstable.git

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