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re: big data structure problem in ocaml

Thanks Anil, I will try it.

About "mutable Hashtbl", is there any example ocaml code for it (or I can
just reference ocaml-openflow suggested by Thomas)? I have done similar
things by C, but I have no idea how to implement it by ocaml :-(


发件人: Anil Madhavapeddy [mailto:anil@xxxxxxxxxx] 
发送时间: 2013年1月29日 17:23
收件人: Thomas Gazagnaire
抄送: Yiming Zhang; cl-mirage@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
主题: Re: big data structure problem in ocaml

On 28 Jan 2013, at 19:54, Thomas Gazagnaire <thomas.gazagnaire@xxxxxxxxx>

>> ********************************
>> module OrdKey = struct
>>  type t = string
>>  let compare = Pervasives.compare
>> end
> If you keys are always be strings, I would suggest using the optimized
>> module KVMap = Map.Make(OrdKey)
>> let kv = ref KVMap.empty
>> ……
>> (* each time when a new kv pair is set, the following is invoked *) 
>> kv := KVMap.add !key_in_process line !kv
>> **********************************
> You are not copying kv here, you are just setting the box where you store
the kv tree with an updated tree, so you can't do much.
>> Does anyone have some hint? Or there are example code for similar 
>> problems in the ocaml world?
> What are you testing exactly ? Do you care about fast reads or fast writes
? Do you clean-up your cache regularly or is it an ever-growing one (which
could explain the performance issues).
> Some hints: usually a cheap way to build fixed-size cache is to use
hash-indexed arrays: if you have few hash collision and a rough idea of the
number of elements you want to store, that's pretty efficient. An example
> https://github.com/samoht/ocaml-openflow/blob/master/controller/learni
> ng_switch.ml#L41

Note also that this sort of data structure work is better done in UNIX and
userspace, where you can use conventional profiling tools to measure the
size complexity.

You could also consider trying a normal mutable Hashtbl instead of a
functional Map, which may operate better depending on your specific




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