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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH] xen-netback: count number required slots for an skb more carefully

On 03/09/13 22:53, Wei Liu wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 03, 2013 at 06:29:50PM +0100, David Vrabel wrote:
>> From: David Vrabel <david.vrabel@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> When a VM is providing an iSCSI target and the LUN is used by the
>> backend domain, the generated skbs for direct I/O writes to the disk
>> have large, multi-page skb->data but no frags.
>> With some lengths and starting offsets, xen_netbk_count_skb_slots()
>> would be one short because the simple calculation of
>> DIV_ROUND_UP(skb_headlen(), PAGE_SIZE) was not accounting for the
>> decisions made by start_new_rx_buffer() which does not guarantee
>> responses are fully packed.
>> For example, a skb with length < 2 pages but which spans 3 pages would
>> be counted as requiring 2 slots but would actually use 3 slots.
>> skb->data:
>>     |        1111|222222222222|3333        |
>> Fully packed, this would need 2 slots:
>>     |111122222222|22223333    |
>> But because the 2nd page wholy fits into a slot it is not split across
>> slots and goes into a slot of its own:
>>     |1111        |222222222222|3333        |
>> Miscounting the number of slots means netback may push more responses
>> than the number of available requests.  This will cause the frontend
>> to get very confused and report "Too many frags/slots".  The frontend
>> never recovers and will eventually BUG.
>> Fix this by counting the number of required slots more carefully.  In
>> xen_netbk_count_skb_slots(), more closely follow the algorithm used by
>> xen_netbk_gop_skb() by introducing xen_netbk_count_frag_slots() which
>> is the dry-run equivalent of netbk_gop_frag_copy().
> Phew! So this is backend miscounting bug. I thought it was a frontend
> bug so it didn't ring a bell when we had our face-to-face discussion,
> sorry. :-(
> This bug was discussed back in July among Annie, Matt, Ian and I. We
> finally agreed to take Matt's solution. Matt agreed to post final
> version within a week but obviously he's too busy to do so. I was away
> so I didn't follow closely. Eventually it fell through the crack. :-(

I think I prefer fixing the counting for backporting to stable kernels.
 Xi's approach of packing the ring differently is a change in frontend
visible behaviour and seems more risky. e.g., possible performance
impact so I would like to see some performance analysis of that approach.


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