[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH net-next v7 0/9] xen-netback: TX grant mapping with SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY instead of copy

On 07/03/14 21:05, David Miller wrote:
From: Zoltan Kiss <zoltan.kiss@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Thu, 6 Mar 2014 21:48:22 +0000

A long known problem of the upstream netback implementation that on the TX
path (from guest to Dom0) it copies the whole packet from guest memory into
Dom0. That simply became a bottleneck with 10Gb NICs, and generally it's a
huge perfomance penalty. The classic kernel version of netback used grant
mapping, and to get notified when the page can be unmapped, it used page
destructors. Unfortunately that destructor is not an upstreamable solution.
Ian Campbell's skb fragment destructor patch series [1] tried to solve this
problem, however it seems to be very invasive on the network stack's code,
and therefore haven't progressed very well.
This patch series use SKBTX_DEV_ZEROCOPY flags to tell the stack it needs to
know when the skb is freed up. That is the way KVM solved the same problem,
and based on my initial tests it can do the same for us. Avoiding the extra
copy boosted up TX throughput from 6.8 Gbps to 7.9 (I used a slower AMD
Interlagos box, both Dom0 and guest on upstream kernel, on the same NUMA node,
running iperf 2.0.5, and the remote end was a bare metal box on the same 10Gb
Based on my investigations the packet get only copied if it is delivered to
Dom0 IP stack through deliver_skb, which is due to this [2] patch. This affects
DomU->Dom0 IP traffic and when Dom0 does routing/NAT for the guest. That's a bit
unfortunate, but luckily it doesn't cause a major regression for this usecase.
In the future we should try to eliminate that copy somehow.
There are a few spinoff tasks which will be addressed in separate patches:
- grant copy the header directly instead of map and memcpy. This should help
   us avoiding TLB flushing
- use something else than ballooned pages
- fix grant map to use page->index properly
I've tried to broke it down to smaller patches, with mixed results, so I
welcome suggestions on that part as well:
1: Use skb->cb to store pending_idx
2: Some refactoring
3: Change RX path for mapped SKB fragments (moved here to keep bisectability,
review it after #4)
4: Introduce TX grant mapping
5: Remove old TX grant copy definitons and fix indentations
6: Add stat counters for zerocopy
7: Handle guests with too many frags
8: Timeout packets in RX path
9: Aggregate TX unmap operations
Series applied, thanks.
Well, thanks, I'm happy that things moving fast :), but I'm not sure it's good to apply a series before the maintainers ack it. As far as I've seen neither Wei nor Ian said the final word, and I guess Ian didn't had time to finish his review yet. There is an another series from Andrew Bennieston which was half-acked by Wei:

"This series looks good enough for me. IIRC Ian said it's still in his queue so I will wait for his final review."

Maybe you mixed up mine with that? But that's also not eligible to be applied yet.


Xen-devel mailing list



Lists.xenproject.org is hosted with RackSpace, monitoring our
servers 24x7x365 and backed by RackSpace's Fanatical Support®.