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[Xen-devel] [PATCH V5 0/5] Basic guest memory introspection support

We need to be able to detect rootkits in HVM guests, in a way that
allows an application that runs in dom0 (or a similarly privileged
domain) to control what the guest is allowed to do once a threat is
detected. This has been done over the mem_event mechanism.

Here is a summary of the series:

a  1/5 xen: Emulate with no writes
a  2/5 xen: Optimize introspection access to guest state
A  3/5 xen, libxc: Force-enable relevant MSR events
A* 4/5 xen, libxc: Request page fault injection via libxc
a* 5/5 xen: Handle resumed instruction based on previous mem_event reply

Key to symbols:
 *   Updated in this version of the series.
 +   New patch in this version.
 /   Updated but only to remove changes into a separate patch.
 -   Updated with style changes only.
 a   Acked/reviwed by one reviewer.
 A   Acked/reviwed by more than one reviewer.

This new version has removed vmx_exited_by_nested_pagefault(), since
the information is already available now in struct pfec (patch 5/5).
Also, in patch 4/5, now allowing traps other than TRAP_page_fault to
go through without checking for a CR3 match.

We needed to:

1. Be able to execute the current instruction without allowing it to
write to memory. This is done based on new mem_event response
fields sent from the controlling application.

2. Have the guest as responsive as possible amid all the processing. So
we had to cache some information with each mem_event sent.

3. Not allow the hypervisor to disable sending information about
interesting MSR events.

4. Add an additional mem_event type, namely a VMCALL event - in order to
do its work, our application occasionally triggers VMCALLs in the guest
(not included in the current series, but included in the initial RFC

5. Extend libxc to allow triggering page faults in the guest (in order
to be able to bring back in pages swapped out by the guest OS).

Razvan Cojocaru

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