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Re: [Xen-devel] Getting rid of invalid SYSCALL RSP under Xen?

On Sun, Jul 26, 2015 at 4:05 PM, Andrew Cooper
<andrew.cooper3@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On 26/07/2015 23:08, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>>>   If so, can we just
>>>> enter later on:
>>>>     pushq    %r11                /* pt_regs->flags */
>>>>     pushq    $__USER_CS            /* pt_regs->cs */
>>>>     pushq    %rcx                /* pt_regs->ip */
>>>> <-- Xen enters here
>>>>     pushq    %rax                /* pt_regs->orig_ax */
>>>>     pushq    %rdi                /* pt_regs->di */
>>>>     pushq    %rsi                /* pt_regs->si */
>>>>     pushq    %rdx                /* pt_regs->dx */
>>> This looks plausible, and indeed preferable to the current doublestep
>>> with undo_xen_syscall.
>>> One slight complication is that xen_enable_syscall() will want to
>>> special case register_callback() to not set CALLBACKF_mask_events, as
>>> the entry point is now after re-enabling interrupts.
>> I wouldn't do that.  Let's just move the ENABLE_INTERRUPTS a few
>> instructions later even on native -- I want to do that anyway.
> That would also work.
>>>> For SYSRET, I think the way to go is to force Xen to always use the
>>>> syscall slow path.  Instead, Xen could hook into
>>>> syscall_return_via_sysret or even right before the opportunistic
>>>> sysret stuff.  Then we could remove the USERGS_SYSRET hooks entirely.
>>>> Would this work?
>>> None of the opportunistic sysret stuff makes sense under Xen.  The path
>>> will inevitably end up in xen_iret making a hypercall.  Short circuiting
>>> all of this seems like a good idea, especially if it allows for the
>>> removal of the UERGS_SYSRET.
>> Doesn't Xen decide what to do based on VGCF_IN_SYSCALL?  Maybe Xen
>> should have its own opportunistic VGCF_IN_SYSCALL logic.
> VGCF_in_syscall affects whether the extra r11/rcx get restored or not,
> as the hypercall itself is implemented using syscall.  As the extra
> r11/rcx (and rax for that matter) are unconditionally saved in the
> hypercall stub, I can't see anything Linux could usefully do,
> opportunistically speaking.

Xen does:

/* %rbx: struct vcpu, interrupts disabled */
        testw $TRAP_syscall,4(%rsp)
        jz    iret_exit_to_guest

        /* Don't use SYSRET path if the return address is not canonical. */
        movq  8(%rsp),%rcx
        sarq  $47,%rcx
        incl  %ecx
        cmpl  $1,%ecx
        ja    .Lforce_iret

        cmpw  $FLAT_USER_CS32,16(%rsp)# CS
        movq  8(%rsp),%rcx            # RIP
        movq  24(%rsp),%r11           # RFLAGS
        movq  32(%rsp),%rsp           # RSP
        je    1f
1:      sysretl

That's essentially the same thing as opportunistic sysret.  If Linux
stops setting VGCF_in_syscall, though, I think we'll bypass that code,
which will hurt performance.  Whether this should be fixed in the
hypervisor or in the guest kernel hooks, I don't know, but it would be
easy to have a very simple xen_opportunistic_sysret path that checks
rcx==rip and r11==rflags and, if so, sets VGCF_in_syscall.

>> Hmm, maybe some of this would be easier to think about if, rather than
>> having a paravirt op, we could have:
>> ALTERNATIVE "", "jmp xen_pop_things_and_iret", X86_FEATURE_XEN
>> Or just IF_XEN("jmp ...");
>> As a practical matter, x86_64 has native and Xen -- I don't think
>> there's any other paravirt platform that needs the asm hooks.
> It would certainly seem so.  A careful use of IF_XEN() or two would make
> the code far clearer to read, and to drop the hooks.

Want to add an IF_XEN macro?

I'm about to send patches for the SYSCALL bit.


> ~Andrew

Andy Lutomirski
AMA Capital Management, LLC

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