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Re: [Xen-devel] [iGVT-g] [vfio-users] [PATCH v3 00/11] igd passthrough chipset tweaks

On Fri, 2016-01-29 at 02:22 +0000, Kay, Allen M wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: iGVT-g [mailto:igvt-g-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of Alex
> > Williamson
> > Sent: Thursday, January 28, 2016 11:36 AM
> > To: Gerd Hoffmann; qemu-devel@xxxxxxxxxx
> > Cc: igvt-g@xxxxxxxxxxx; xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; Eduardo Habkost;
> > Stefano Stabellini; Cao jin; vfio-users@xxxxxxxxxx
> > Subject: Re: [iGVT-g] [vfio-users] [PATCH v3 00/11] igd passthrough chipset
> > tweaks
> > 1) The OpRegion MemoryRegion is mapped into system_memory through
> > programming of the 0xFC config space register.
> > Âa) vfio-pci could pick an address to do this as it is realized.
> > Âb) SeaBIOS/OVMF could program this.
> > Discussion: 1.a) Avoids any BIOS dependency, but vfio-pci would need to pick
> > an address and mark it as e820 reserved.ÂÂI'm not sure how to pick that
> > address.ÂÂWe'd probably want to make the 0xFC config register read-
> > only.ÂÂ1.b) has the issue you mentioned where in most cases the OpRegion
> > will be 8k, but the BIOS won't know how much address space it's mapping
> > into system memory when it writes the 0xFC register.ÂÂI don't know how
> > much of a problem this is since the BIOS can easily determine the size once
> > mapped and re-map it somewhere there's sufficient space.
> > Practically, it seems like it's always going to be 8K.ÂÂThis of course 
> > requires
> > modification to every BIOS.ÂÂIt also leaves the 0xFC register as a mapping
> > control rather than a pointer to the OpRegion in RAM, which doesn't really
> > match real hardware.ÂÂThe BIOS would need to pick an address in this case.
> > 2) Read-only mappings version of 1)
> > Discussion: Really nothing changes from the issues above, just prevents any
> > possibility of the guest modifying anything in the host.ÂÂXen apparently 
> > allows
> > write access to the host page already.
> > 3) Copy OpRegion contents into buffer and do either 1) or 2) above.
> > Discussion: No benefit that I can see over above other than maybe allowing
> > write access that doesn't affect the host.
> > 4) Copy contents into a guest RAM location, mark it reserved, point to it 
> > via
> > 0xFC config as scratch register.
> > Âa) Done by QEMU (vfio-pci)
> > Âb) Done by SeaBIOS/OVMF
> > Discussion: This is the most like real hardware.ÂÂ4.a) has the usual issue 
> > of
> > how to pick an address, but the benefit of not requiring BIOS changes 
> > (simply
> > mark the RAM reserved via existing methods).ÂÂ4.b) would require passing a
> > buffer containing the contents of the OpRegion via fw_cfg and letting the
> > BIOS do the setup.ÂÂThe latter of course requires modifying each BIOS for 
> > this
> > support.
> > Of course none of these support hotplug nor really can they since reserved
> > memory regions are not dynamic in the architecture.
> > In all cases, some piece of software needs to know where it can place the
> > OpRegion in guest memory.ÂÂIt seems like there are advantages or
> > disadvantages whether that's done by QEMU or the BIOS, but we only need
> > to do it once if it's QEMU.ÂÂSuggestions, comments, preferences?
> Hi Alex, another thing to consider is how to communicate to the guest driver 
> the address at 0xFC contains a valid GPA address that can be accessed by the 
> driver without causing a EPT fault - since
> the same driver will be used on other hypervisors and they may not EPT map 
> OpRegion memory.ÂÂOn idea proposed by display driver team is to set bit0 of 
> the address to 1 for indicating OpRegion memory
> can be safely accessed by the guest driver.

Hi Allen,

Why is that any different than a guest accessing any other memory area
that it shouldn't?ÂÂThe OpRegion starts with a 16-byte ID string, so if
the guest finds that it should feel fairly confident the OpRegion data
is valid.ÂÂThe published spec also seems to define all bits of 0xfc as
valid, not implying any sort of alignment requirements, and the i915
driver does a memremap directly on the value read from 0xfc.ÂÂSo I'm not
sure whether there's really a need to or ability to define any of those
bits in an adhoc way to indicate mapping.ÂÂIf we do things right,
shouldn't the guest driver not even know it's running in a VM, at least
for the KVMGT-d case, so we need to be compatible with physical


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