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[Xen-devel] [PATCH V1 1/1] Xen/libxl: Perform PCI reset using 'reset' SysFS attribute

The life-cycle of a PCI device in Xen pciback is complex and is constrained
by the generic PCI locking mechanism.

- It starts with the device being bound to us, for which we do a function
  reset (done via SysFS so the PCI lock is held).
- If the device is unbound from us, we also do a function reset
  (done via SysFS so the PCI lock is held).
- If the device is un-assigned from a guest - we do a function reset
  (no PCI lock is held).

All reset operations are done on the individual PCI function level
(so bus:device:function).

The reset for an individual PCI function means device must support FLR
(PCIe or AF), PM reset on D3hot->D0 device specific reset, or a secondary
bus reset for a singleton device on a bus but FLR does not have widespread
support or it is not reliable in some cases. So, we need to provide an
alternate mechanism to users to perform a slot or bus level reset.

Currently, a slot or bus reset is not exposed in SysFS as there is no good
way of exposing a bus topology there. This is due to the complexity -
we MUST know that the different functions of a PCIe device are not in use
by other drivers, or if they are in use (say one of them is assigned to a
guest and the other is  idle) - it is still OK to reset the slot (assuming
both of them are owned by Xen pciback).

This patch does that providing an option to perform a flr/slot/bus reset
when a PCI device is owned by Xen PCI backend. It will try to execute one
of these reset method, starting with FLR if it is supported. Otherwise,
it tries slot or bus reset method. For slot or bus reset method, it also
checks to make sure that all of the devices under the bridge are owned by
Xen PCI backend before applying those resets.

Due to the complexity with the PCI lock we cannot do the reset when a
device is bound ('echo $BDF > bind') or when unbound ('echo $BDF > unbind')
as the pci_[slot|bus]_reset also takes the same lock resulting in a

Putting the reset function in a work-queue or thread won't work either -
as we have to do the reset function outside the 'unbind' context (it holds
the PCI lock). But once you 'unbind' a device the device is no longer under
the ownership of Xen pciback and the pci_set_drvdata has been reset, so
we cannot use a thread for this.

Instead of doing all this complex dance, we depend on the tool-stack doing
the right thing. As such, we implement 'reset' SysFS attribute which 'xl'
uses when a device is detached or attached from/to a guest. It bypasses
the need to worry about the PCI lock. BTW, previously defined "do_flr"
attribute has been renamed to "reset" since "do_flr" name doesn't represent
all PCI reset methods and plus, currently it is not being used. So, there
is no impact in renaming this sysfs attribute.

To not inadvertently do a bus reset that would affect devices that are in
use by other drivers (other than Xen pciback) prior to the reset, we check
that all of the devices under the bridge are owned by Xen pciback. If they
are not, we refrain from executing the bus (or slot) reset.

Signed-off-by: Govinda Tatti <Govinda.Tatti@xxxxxxxxxx>
v1: -New

 tools/libxl/libxl_pci.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/tools/libxl/libxl_pci.c b/tools/libxl/libxl_pci.c
index b14df16..9d00cb1 100644
--- a/tools/libxl/libxl_pci.c
+++ b/tools/libxl/libxl_pci.c
@@ -1126,7 +1126,7 @@ static int libxl__device_pci_reset(libxl__gc *gc, 
unsigned int domain, unsigned
     char *reset;
     int fd, rc;
-    reset = GCSPRINTF("%s/do_flr", SYSFS_PCIBACK_DRIVER);
+    reset = GCSPRINTF("%s/reset", SYSFS_PCIBACK_DRIVER);
     fd = open(reset, O_WRONLY);
     if (fd >= 0) {
         char *buf = GCSPRINTF(PCI_BDF, domain, bus, dev, func);

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