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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH] xen: xen-pciback: Reset MSI-X state when exposing a device

>>> On 12.12.18 at 16:18, <chao.gao@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 12, 2018 at 01:51:01AM -0700, Jan Beulich wrote:
>>>>> On 12.12.18 at 08:06, <chao.gao@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>> On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 09:01:33AM -0500, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
>>>>On 12/5/18 4:32 AM, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>>>>> On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 10:19:17AM +0800, Chao Gao wrote:
>>>>>> I find some pass-thru devices don't work any more across guest reboot.
>>>>>> Assigning it to another guest also meets the same issue. And the only
>>>>>> way to make it work again is un-binding and binding it to pciback.
>>>>>> Someone reported this issue one year ago [1]. More detail also can be
>>>>>> found in [2].
>>>>>> The root-cause is Xen's internal MSI-X state isn't reset properly
>>>>>> during reboot or re-assignment. In the above case, Xen set maskall bit
>>>>>> to mask all MSI interrupts after it detected a potential security
>>>>>> issue. Even after device reset, Xen didn't reset its internal maskall
>>>>>> bit. As a result, maskall bit would be set again in next write to
>>>>>> MSI-X message control register.
>>>>>> Given that PHYSDEVOPS_prepare_msix() also triggers Xen resetting MSI-X
>>>>>> internal state of a device, we employ it to fix this issue rather than
>>>>>> introducing another dedicated sub-hypercall.
>>>>>> Note that PHYSDEVOPS_release_msix() will fail if the mapping between
>>>>>> the device's msix and pirq has been created. This limitation prevents
>>>>>> us calling this function when detaching a device from a guest during
>>>>>> guest shutdown. Thus it is called right before calling
>>>>>> PHYSDEVOPS_prepare_msix().
>>>>> s/PHYSDEVOPS/PHYSDEVOP/ (no final S). And then I would also drop the
>>>>> () at the end of the hypercall name since it's not a function.
>>>>> I'm also wondering why the release can't be done when the device is
>>>>> detached from the guest (or the guest has been shut down). This makes
>>>>> me worry about the raciness of the attach/detach procedure: if there's
>>>>> a state where pciback assumes the device has been detached from the
>>>>> guest, but there are still pirqs bound, an attempt to attach to
>>>>> another guest in such state will fail.
>>>>I wonder whether this additional reset functionality could be done out
>>>>of xen_pcibk_xenbus_remove(). We first do a (best effort) device reset
>>>>and then do the extra things that are not properly done there.
>>> No. It cannot be done in xen_pcibk_xenbus_remove() without modifying
>>> the handler of PHYSDEVOP_release_msix. To do a successful Xen internal
>>> MSI-X state reset, PHYSDEVOP_{release, prepare}_msix should be finished
>>> without error. But ATM, xen expects that no msi is bound to pirq when
>>> doing PHYSDEVOP_release_msix. Otherwise it fails with error code -EBUSY.
>>> However, the expectation isn't guaranteed in xen_pcibk_xenbus_remove().
>>> In some cases, if qemu fails to unmap MSIs, MSIs are unmapped by Xen
>>> at last minute, which happens after device reset in 
>>> xen_pcibk_xenbus_remove().
>>But that may need taking care of: I don't think it is a good idea to have
>>anything left from the prior owning domain when the device gets reset.
>>I.e. left over IRQ bindings should perhaps be forcibly cleared before
>>invoking the reset;
> Agree. How about pciback to track the established IRQ bindings? Then
> pciback can clear irq binding before invoking the reset.

How would pciback even know of those mappings, when it's qemu
who establishes (and manages) them?

>>in fact I'd expect this to happen in the course of
>>domain destruction, and I'd expect the device reset to come after the
>>domain was cleaned up. Perhaps simply an ordering issue in the tool
> I don't think reversing the sequences of device reset and domain
> destruction would be simple. Furthermore, during device hot-unplug,
> device reset is done when the owner is alive. So if we use domain
> destruction to enforce all irq binding cleared, in theory, it won't be
> applicable to hot-unplug case (if qemu's hot-unplug logic is
> compromised).

Even in the hot-unplug case the tool stack could issue unbind
requests, behind the back of the possibly compromised qemu,
once neither the guest nor qemu have access to the device


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