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[Xen-devel] [PATCH v7 1/4] xen: introduce SYMBOL_HIDE

Introduce a macro, SYMBOL_HIDE, which is similar to RELOC_HIDE, but it
is meant to be used everywhere symbols such as _stext and _etext are
used in the code. It can take an array type as a parameter, and it
returns the same type.

SYMBOL_HIDE is needed when accessing symbols such as _stext and _etext
because the C standard forbids for both comparisons and substraction
(see C Standard, 6.5.6 [ISO/IEC 9899:2011] and [1]) between pointers
pointing to different objects. _stext, _etext, etc. are all pointers to
different objects from ANCI C point of view.

To work around potential C compiler issues (which have actually
been found, see the comment on top of RELOC_HIDE in Linux), and to help
with certifications, let's introduce some syntactic sugar to be used in
following patches.


Signed-off-by: Stefano Stabellini <stefanos@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@xxxxxxxx>
CC: JBeulich@xxxxxxxx
CC: andrew.cooper3@xxxxxxxxxx
CC: wei.liu2@xxxxxxxxxx
Changes in v7:
- code style
- simplify implementation of SYMBOL

Changes in v6:
- drop acks
- don't use RELOC_HIDE for the implementation
- return native type from SYMBOL

Changes in v4:
- add acked-bys
- remove unneeded parenthesis

Changes in v3:
- improve commit message
- rename __symbol to SYMBOL to avoid name space violations

Changes in v2:
- do not cast return to char*
- move to common header
 xen/include/xen/compiler.h | 11 +++++++++++
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)

diff --git a/xen/include/xen/compiler.h b/xen/include/xen/compiler.h
index ff6c0f5..202d03a 100644
--- a/xen/include/xen/compiler.h
+++ b/xen/include/xen/compiler.h
@@ -99,6 +99,17 @@
     __asm__ ("" : "=r"(__ptr) : "0"(ptr));      \
     (typeof(ptr)) (__ptr + (off)); })
+ * Similar to RELOC_HIDE, but written to be used with symbols such as
+ * _stext and _etext to avoid undefined behavior comparing pointers to
+ * different objects. It can handle array types.
+ */
+#define SYMBOL_HIDE(ptr) ({                   \
+    __typeof__(*(ptr)) *ptr_;                 \
+    __asm__ ( "" : "=r" (ptr_) : "0" (ptr) ); \
+    ptr_; \
 # define ASM_FLAG_OUT(yes, no) yes

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