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[Xen-devel] [PATCH RFC V2 00/45] xen: add core scheduling support

Add support for core- and socket-scheduling in the Xen hypervisor.

Via boot parameter sched-gran=core (or sched-gran=socket)
it is possible to change the scheduling granularity from cpu (the
default) to either whole cores or even sockets.

All logical cpus (threads) of the core or socket are always scheduled
together. This means that on a core always vcpus of the same domain
will be active, and those vcpus will always be scheduled at the same

This is achieved by switching the scheduler to no longer see vcpus as
the primary object to schedule, but "schedule items". Each schedule
item consists of as many vcpus as each core has threads on the current
system. The vcpu->item relation is fixed.

I have done some very basic performance testing: on a 4 cpu system
(2 cores with 2 threads each) I did a "make -j 4" for building the Xen
hypervisor. With This test has been run on dom0, once with no other
guest active and once with another guest with 4 vcpus running the same
test. The results are (always elapsed time, system time, user time):

sched-gran=cpu,    no other guest: 116.10 177.65 207.84
sched-gran=core,   no other guest: 114.04 175.47 207.45
sched-gran=cpu,    other guest:    202.30 334.21 384.63
sched-gran=core,   other guest:    207.24 293.04 371.37

All tests have been performed with credit2, the other schedulers are
untested up to now.

Cpupools are not yet working, as moving cpus between cpupools needs
more work (this is the reason for the series still being RFC). Same
applies to cpu add/remove.

Changes in RFC V2:
- ARM is building now
- HVM domains are working now
- idling will always be done with idle_vcpu active
- other small changes see individual patches

Juergen Gross (45):
  xen/sched: add inline wrappers for calling per-scheduler functions
  xen/sched: use new sched_item instead of vcpu in scheduler interfaces
  xen/sched: alloc struct sched_item for each vcpu
  xen/sched: move per-vcpu scheduler private data pointer to sched_item
  xen/sched: build a linked list of struct sched_item
  xen/sched: introduce struct sched_resource
  xen/sched: let pick_cpu return a scheduler resource
  xen/sched: switch schedule_data.curr to point at sched_item
  xen/sched: move per cpu scheduler private data into struct
  xen/sched: switch vcpu_schedule_lock to item_schedule_lock
  xen/sched: move some per-vcpu items to struct sched_item
  xen/sched: add scheduler helpers hiding vcpu
  xen/sched: add domain pointer to struct sched_item
  xen/sched: add id to struct sched_item
  xen/sched: rename scheduler related perf counters
  xen/sched: switch struct task_slice from vcpu to sched_item
  xen/sched: add is_running indicator to struct sched_item
  xen/sched: make null scheduler vcpu agnostic.
  xen/sched: make rt scheduler vcpu agnostic.
  xen/sched: make credit scheduler vcpu agnostic.
  xen/sched: make credit2 scheduler vcpu agnostic.
  xen/sched: make arinc653 scheduler vcpu agnostic.
  xen: add sched_item_pause_nosync() and sched_item_unpause()
  xen: let vcpu_create() select processor
  xen/sched: use sched_resource cpu instead smp_processor_id in
  xen/sched: switch schedule() from vcpus to sched_items
  xen/sched: switch sched_move_irqs() to take sched_item as parameter
  xen: switch from for_each_vcpu() to for_each_sched_item()
  xen/sched: add runstate counters to struct sched_item
  xen/sched: rework and rename vcpu_force_reschedule()
  xen/sched: Change vcpu_migrate_*() to operate on schedule item
  xen/sched: move struct task_slice into struct sched_item
  xen/sched: add code to sync scheduling of all vcpus of a sched item
  xen/sched: introduce item_runnable_state()
  xen/sched: add support for multiple vcpus per sched item where missing
  x86: make loading of GDT at context switch more modular
  x86: optimize loading of GDT at context switch
  xen/sched: modify cpupool_domain_cpumask() to be an item mask
  xen/sched: support allocating multiple vcpus into one sched item
  xen/sched: add a scheduler_percpu_init() function
  xen/sched: add a percpu resource index
  xen/sched: add fall back to idle vcpu when scheduling item
  xen/sched: make vcpu_wake() and vcpu_sleep() core scheduling aware
  xen/sched: carve out freeing sched_item memory into dedicated function
  xen/sched: add scheduling granularity enum

 xen/arch/arm/domain.c            |    2 +-
 xen/arch/arm/domain_build.c      |   13 +-
 xen/arch/arm/smpboot.c           |    2 +
 xen/arch/x86/dom0_build.c        |   10 +-
 xen/arch/x86/domain.c            |   95 ++-
 xen/arch/x86/hvm/dom0_build.c    |    9 +-
 xen/arch/x86/pv/dom0_build.c     |   10 +-
 xen/arch/x86/pv/emul-priv-op.c   |    1 +
 xen/arch/x86/pv/shim.c           |    4 +-
 xen/arch/x86/pv/traps.c          |    5 +-
 xen/arch/x86/setup.c             |    2 +
 xen/arch/x86/smpboot.c           |    2 +
 xen/arch/x86/traps.c             |    9 +-
 xen/common/cpupool.c             |   30 +-
 xen/common/domain.c              |   34 +-
 xen/common/domctl.c              |   23 +-
 xen/common/keyhandler.c          |    4 +-
 xen/common/sched_arinc653.c      |  258 ++++----
 xen/common/sched_credit.c        |  743 ++++++++++-----------
 xen/common/sched_credit2.c       | 1119 +++++++++++++++----------------
 xen/common/sched_null.c          |  424 ++++++------
 xen/common/sched_rt.c            |  544 +++++++--------
 xen/common/schedule.c            | 1348 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 xen/common/softirq.c             |    6 +-
 xen/common/wait.c                |    4 +-
 xen/include/asm-arm/current.h    |    1 +
 xen/include/asm-x86/cpuidle.h    |    2 +-
 xen/include/asm-x86/current.h    |    7 +-
 xen/include/asm-x86/dom0_build.h |    3 +-
 xen/include/asm-x86/smp.h        |    3 +
 xen/include/xen/domain.h         |    3 +-
 xen/include/xen/perfc_defn.h     |   32 +-
 xen/include/xen/sched-if.h       |  418 ++++++++++--
 xen/include/xen/sched.h          |   95 ++-
 xen/include/xen/softirq.h        |    1 +
 35 files changed, 3198 insertions(+), 2068 deletions(-)


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