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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH v2 0/6] x86: fixes/improvements for scratch cpumask

On 18/02/2020 07:40, Jürgen Groß wrote:
> On 17.02.20 19:43, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
>> Hello,
>> Commit:
>> 5500d265a2a8fa63d60c08beb549de8ec82ff7a5
>> x86/smp: use APIC ALLBUT destination shorthand when possible
>> Introduced a bogus usage of the scratch cpumask: it was used in a
>> function that could be called from interrupt context, and hence using
>> the scratch cpumask there is not safe. Patch #5 is a fix for that usage,
>> together with also preventing the usage of any per-CPU variables when
>> send_IPI_mask is called from #MC or #NMI context. Previous patches are
>> preparatory changes.
>> Patch #6 adds some debug infrastructure to make sure the scratch cpumask
>> is used in the right context, and hence should prevent further missuses.
> I wonder whether it wouldn't be better to have a common percpu scratch
> cpumask handling instead of introducing local ones all over the
> hypervisor.
> So basically an array of percpu cpumasks allocated when bringing up a
> cpu (this spares memory as the masks wouldn't need to cover NR_CPUS
> cpus), a percpu counter of the next free index and get_ and put_
> functions acting in a lifo manner.
> This would help removing all the still existing cpumasks on the stack
> and any illegal nesting would be avoided. The only remaining question
> would be the size of the array.
> Thoughts?

I like the approach, but there is a major caveat.

It is certainly problematic that we have both cpumask_scratch and
scratch_cpumask with have different rules for how to use safely, and now
we're gaining custom logic to fix up the recursive safety of one of them.

That said, I'm pretty sure it will be x86 specific, because the safety
of this is tied to using per-pcpu stacks rather than per-vcpu stacks. 
The only reason the scheduler cpumasks are safe for use on ARM is
because the scheduler code which uses them doesn't call schedule() in
the middle of use.

As a consequence, I don't think this is infrastructure which would be
safe for common code to use.


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