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[PATCH RFCv1 3/5] virtio-mem: try to merge "System RAM (virtio_mem)" resources

virtio-mem adds memory in memory block granularity, to be able to
remove it in the same granularity again later, and to grow slowly on
demand. This, however, results in quite a lot of resources when
adding a lot of memory. Resources are effectively stored in a list-based
tree. Having a lot of resources not only wastes memory, it also makes
traversing that tree more expensive, and makes /proc/iomem explode in
size (e.g., requiring kexec-tools to manually merge resources later
when e.g., trying to create a kdump header).

Before this patch, we get (/proc/iomem) when hotplugging 2G via virtio-mem
on x86-64:
        100000000-13fffffff : System RAM
        140000000-33fffffff : virtio0
          140000000-147ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          148000000-14fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          150000000-157ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          158000000-15fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          160000000-167ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          168000000-16fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          170000000-177ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          178000000-17fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          180000000-187ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          188000000-18fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          190000000-197ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          198000000-19fffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1a0000000-1a7ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1a8000000-1afffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1b0000000-1b7ffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
          1b8000000-1bfffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
        3280000000-32ffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00

With this patch, we get (/proc/iomem):
        fffc0000-ffffffff : Reserved
        100000000-13fffffff : System RAM
        140000000-33fffffff : virtio0
          140000000-1bfffffff : System RAM (virtio_mem)
        3280000000-32ffffffff : PCI Bus 0000:00

Of course, with more hotplugged memory, it gets worse. When unplugging
memory blocks again, try_remove_memory() (via
offline_and_remove_memory()) will properly split the resource up again.

Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@xxxxxxxxxx>
 drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c | 14 ++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
index f26f5f64ae822..2396a8d67875e 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mem.c
@@ -415,6 +415,7 @@ static int virtio_mem_mb_add(struct virtio_mem *vm, 
unsigned long mb_id)
        const uint64_t addr = virtio_mem_mb_id_to_phys(mb_id);
        int nid = vm->nid;
+       int rc;
        if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE)
                nid = memory_add_physaddr_to_nid(addr);
@@ -431,8 +432,17 @@ static int virtio_mem_mb_add(struct virtio_mem *vm, 
unsigned long mb_id)
        dev_dbg(&vm->vdev->dev, "adding memory block: %lu\n", mb_id);
-       return add_memory_driver_managed(nid, addr, memory_block_size_bytes(),
-                                        vm->resource_name);
+       rc = add_memory_driver_managed(nid, addr, memory_block_size_bytes(),
+                                      vm->resource_name);
+       if (!rc) {
+               /*
+                * Try to reduce the number of resources by merging them. The
+                * memory removal path will properly split them up again.
+                */
+               merge_child_mem_resources(vm->parent_resource,
+                                         vm->resource_name);
+       }
+       return rc;



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