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Re: [PATCH 11/11] xen/arm: Process pending vPCI map/unmap operations

On 06/09/2021 08:02, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
Hi, Julien!

Hi Oleksandr,

On 03.09.21 12:04, Julien Grall wrote:
Hi Oleksandr,

On 03/09/2021 09:33, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
From: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@xxxxxxxx>

vPCI may map and unmap PCI device memory (BARs) being passed through which
may take a lot of time. For this those operations may be deferred to be
performed later, so that they can be safely preempted.
Run the corresponding vPCI code while switching a vCPU.

IIUC, you are talking about the function map_range() in 
xen/drivers/vpci/header. The function has the following todo for Arm:

          * ARM TODOs:
          * - On ARM whether the memory is prefetchable or not should be passed
          *   to map_mmio_regions in order to decide which memory attributes
          *   should be used.
          * - {un}map_mmio_regions doesn't support preemption.

This doesn't seem to be addressed in the two series for PCI passthrough sent so 
far. Do you have any plan to handle it?

No plan yet.

All the mappings are happening with p2m_mmio_direct_dev as of now.

So this address the first TODO but how about the second TODO? It refers to the lack of preemption on Arm but in this patch you suggest there are some and hence we need to call vpci_process_pending().

For a tech preview, the lack of preemption would be OK. However, the commit message should be updated to make clear there are no such preemption yet or avoid to mention it.

Signed-off-by: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@xxxxxxxx>
   xen/arch/arm/traps.c | 6 ++++++
   1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/traps.c b/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
index 219ab3c3fbde..1571fb8afd03 100644
--- a/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
+++ b/xen/arch/arm/traps.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
   #include <xen/symbols.h>
   #include <xen/version.h>
   #include <xen/virtual_region.h>
+#include <xen/vpci.h>
     #include <public/sched.h>
   #include <public/xen.h>
@@ -2304,6 +2305,11 @@ static bool check_for_vcpu_work(void)
   +    local_irq_enable();
+    if ( has_vpci(v->domain) && vpci_process_pending(v) )

Looking at the code of vpci_process_pending(), it looks like there are some 
rework to do for guest. Do you plan to handle it as part of the vPCI series?
Yes, vPCI code is heavily touched to support guest non-identity mappings

I wasn't referring to the non-identity mappings here. I was referring to TODOs such as:

             * FIXME: in case of failure remove the device from the domain.
* Note that there might still be leftover mappings. While this is
             * safe for Dom0, for DomUs the domain will likely need to be
             * killed in order to avoid leaking stale p2m mappings on
             * failure.

You still have them after the series reworking the vPCI. As for the preemption this is OK to ignore it for a tech preview. Although, we want to at least track them.

+        raise_softirq(SCHEDULE_SOFTIRQ);
+    local_irq_disable();

 From my understanding of vcpi_process_pending(). The function will return true 
if there are more work to schedule.
However, if check_for_vcpu_for_work() return false, then we will return to the 
guest before any work for vCPI has finished. This is because 
check_for_vcpu_work() will not be called again.

In this case, I think you want to return as soon as you know we need to 
Not sure I understand this

The return value of check_for_vcpu_for_work() indicates whether we have more work to do before returning to return to the guest.

When vpci_process_pending() returns true, it tells us we need to call the function at least one more time before returning to the guest.

In your current implementation, you leave that decision to whoeever is next in the function.

It is not safe to return to the guest as long as vpci_process_pending() returns true. So you want to write something like:

if ( vpci_process_pending() )
  return true;

However, looking at the rest of the code, we already have a check for vpci in 
the common IOREQ code.

Which may not be enabled as it depends on CONFIG_IOREQ_SERVER.

Right. My point is when CONFIG_IOREQ_SERVER is set then you would end up to call twice vpci_process_pending(). This will have an impact how on long your vCPU is going to running because you are doubling the work.

My understanding is that for x86 it is always enabled, but this might not be 
the case for Arm

So we would end up to call twice vpci_process_pending().
So, if CONFIG_IOREQ_SERVER is not enabled then we end up with only calling it 
from traps.c on Arm
Maybe we should move the call from the IOREQ to arch-code.

Hm. I would better think of moving it from IOREQ to some other common code: for 
x86 (if

my understanding correct about CONFIG_IOREQ_SERVER) it is by coincidence that 
we call vPCI

code from there and IOREQ is always enabled.

I am not aware of another suitable common helper that would be called on the return to the guest path. Hence why I suggest to possibly duplicated the code in each arch path.


Julien Grall



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