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Re: [PATCH 8/9] vpci/header: Reset the command register when adding devices

  • To: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@xxxxxxxx>, Oleksandr Andrushchenko <andr2000@xxxxxxxxx>
  • From: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <Oleksandr_Andrushchenko@xxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Thu, 9 Sep 2021 08:39:55 +0000
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  • Cc: "julien@xxxxxxx" <julien@xxxxxxx>, "sstabellini@xxxxxxxxxx" <sstabellini@xxxxxxxxxx>, Oleksandr Tyshchenko <Oleksandr_Tyshchenko@xxxxxxxx>, Volodymyr Babchuk <Volodymyr_Babchuk@xxxxxxxx>, Artem Mygaiev <Artem_Mygaiev@xxxxxxxx>, "roger.pau@xxxxxxxxxx" <roger.pau@xxxxxxxxxx>, Bertrand Marquis <bertrand.marquis@xxxxxxx>, Rahul Singh <rahul.singh@xxxxxxx>, "xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx" <xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Delivery-date: Thu, 09 Sep 2021 08:40:14 +0000
  • List-id: Xen developer discussion <xen-devel.lists.xenproject.org>
  • Thread-topic: [PATCH 8/9] vpci/header: Reset the command register when adding devices

On 07.09.21 13:06, Jan Beulich wrote:
> On 07.09.2021 11:52, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
>> On 07.09.21 12:19, Jan Beulich wrote:
>>> On 07.09.2021 11:07, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
>>>> On 07.09.21 11:49, Jan Beulich wrote:
>>>>> On 07.09.2021 10:18, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
>>>>>> So, if we have a hidden PCI device which can be assigned to a guest and 
>>>>>> it is literally untouched
>>>>>> (not enabled in Dom0) then I think there will be no such reference as 
>>>>>> "host assigned values" as
>>>>>> most probably the command register will remain in its after reset state.
>>>>> What meaning of "hidden" do you imply here? Devices passed to
>>>>> pci_{hide,ro}_device() may not be assigned to guests ...
>>>> You are completely right here.
>>>>> For any other meaning of "hidden", even if the device is completely
>>>>> ignored by Dom0,
>>>> Dom0less is such a case when a device is assigned to the guest
>>>> without Dom0 at all?
>>> In this case it is entirely unclear to me what entity it is to have
>>> a global view on the PCI subsystem.
>>>>>     certain of the properties still cannot be allowed
>>>>> to be DomU-controlled.
>>>> The list is not that big, could you please name a few you think cannot
>>>> be controlled by a guest? I can think of PCI_COMMAND_SPECIAL(?),
>>>> be aligned with the "host reference" values, e.g. we only allow those bits
>>>> to be set as they are in Dom0.
>>> Well, you've compile a list already, and I did say so before as well:
>>> Everything except I/O and memory decoding as well as bus mastering
>>> needs at least closely looking at. INTX_DISABLE, for example, is
>>> something I don't think a guest should be able to directly control.
>>> It may still be the case that the host permits it control, but then
>>> only indirectly, allowing the host to appropriately adjust its
>>> internals.
>>> Note that even for I/O and memory decoding as well as bus mastering
>>> it may be necessary to limit guest control: In case the host wants
>>> to disable any of these (perhaps transiently) despite the guest
>>> wanting them enabled.
>> Ok, so it is now clear that we need a yet another patch to add a proper
>> command register emulation. What is your preference: drop the current
>> patch, implement command register emulation and add a "reset patch"
>> after that or we can have the patch as is now, but I'll only reset IO/mem 
>> and bus
>> master bits, e.g. read the real value, mask the wanted bits and write back?
> Either order is fine with me as long as the result will be claimed to
> be complete until proper emulation is in place.
I tried to see what others do in order to emulate PCI_COMMAND register
and it seems that at most they care about the only INTX bit (besides
IO/memory enable and bus muster which are write through). Please see
[1] and [2]. Probably I miss something, but it could be because in order
to properly emulate the COMMAND register we need to know about the
whole PCI topology, e.g. if any setting in device's command register
is aligned with the upstream port etc. This makes me think that because
of this complexity others just ignore that. Neither I think this can be
easily done in our case. So I would suggest we just add the following
simple logic to only emulate PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE: allow guest to
disable the interrupts, but don't allow to enable if host has disabled
them. This is also could be tricky a bit for the devices which are not
enabled and thus not configured in Dom0, e.g. we do not know for sure
if the value in the PCI_COMMAND register (in particular
PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE bit) can be used as the reference host value or
not. It can be that the value there is just the one after reset or so.
The rest of the command register bits will go directly to the command
register untouched.
So, at the end of the day the question is if PCI_COMMAND_INTX_DISABLE
is enough and how to get its reference host value.

> Jan

Thank you,


[1] https://github.com/qemu/qemu/blob/master/hw/xen/xen_pt_config_init.c#L310



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