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[Xen-devel] RE: general protection fault: 0000 [#1]

No. In Xen, kernel and modules for PV guests run in ring 1, Xen provide virtualization for some MSRs enabling access to them from ring 1, but this is not available for performance counter MSRs. For OProfile we have a Xen component (xenoprof) that acess the performance counters. Oprofile kernel module for Xen is modified to  use hypercalls in order to get the performance counters programmed instead of accessing MSRs directly. 

From: oprofile-list-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:oprofile-list-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of john bryant
Sent: Wednesday, March 05, 2008 8:14 AM
To: xen-users@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; xen-devel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; oprofile-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: general protection fault: 0000 [#1]


I have written a small kernel module to profile an event in xen. When i invoke "rdmsr", I get general protection error. As far as i understand, any kernel module is in CPL0, then rdmsr should work in kernel module. Any help ?  Below is log from syslog


general protection fault: 0000 [#1]
Modules linked in: hello_printk autofs4 hidp l2cap bluetooth sunrpc ipv6 binfmt_misc dm_mirror dm_multipath dm_mod video thermal processor fan container button battery ac lp nvram tsdev evdev i2c_i801 i2c_core piix tg3 r8169 parport_pc parport serio_raw serial_core usbhid rtc ahci libata shpchp pci_hotplug ext3 jbd ehci_hcd ohci_hcd uhci_hcd usbcore
CPU:    0
EIP:    0061:[<ee07e023>]    Not tainted VLI
EFLAGS: 00010296   ( #337)
EIP is at hello_init+0x23/0x8d [hello_printk]
eax: 00000000   ebx: 00000119   ecx: 00000119   edx: ff1bbfb4
esi: d9de86b0   edi: d9de8400   ebp: d9de86d8   esp: d9eafe1c
ds: 007b   es: 007b   ss: 0069
Process insmod (pid: 11521, threadinfo=d9eae000 task=c0713030)
Stack: <0>ee1df034 ca680746 0000b06e c0135f05 c013d301 ee1df400 d9de86b0 d9de8400
       c0137381 ee1df448 c03916c1 ee1df40c 00000000 00000008 00000003 00000000
       ee1df40c ee1df448 ee1df400 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
Call Trace:
 [<c0135f05>] __link_module+0x0/0x1f
 [<c013d301>] stop_machine_run+0x2e/0x34
 [<c0137381>] sys_init_module+0x13e/0x1afb
 [<c011e45a>] printk+0x0/0x1f
 [<c0162dc1>] do_sync_read+0xc3/0xff
 [<c0130e9e>] autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x37
 [<c01540e7>] do_brk+0x21b/0x220
 [<c01c4ca4>] _atomic_dec_and_lock+0x40/0x5c
 [<c0179452>] dput+0xc3/0x12a
 [<c0163fe5>] __fput+0x137/0x18c
 [<c017d1e0>] mntput_no_expire+0x13/0x6c
 [<c0105289>] syscall_call+0x7/0xb
Code:  Bad EIP value.

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