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[Xen-devel] [PATCH v2] Add INSTALL file

Document how to use configure and what to pass to make(1).

spelling fixes, mention systemd and .config, more examples

Signed-off-by: Olaf Hering <olaf@xxxxxxxxx>
 INSTALL | 341 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 README  |  18 +---
 2 files changed, 342 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/INSTALL b/INSTALL
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..eddec6a
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,341 @@
+Compiling Xen from source
+* Overview
+* Options recognized by configure
+* Variables recognized by make
+* Systemd support
+* History of options
+* Examples
+The xen source contains four subsystems: xen, tools, stubdom and docs.
+All but xen have to be prepared for build with a configure script in the
+toplevel directory. configure recognizes certain arguments and
+environment variables which are used to adjust various aspects of the
+following compile process. Once configure is done, make(1) has to be
+called. Also make(1) recognizes certain arguments. The following sections
+will give an overview.
+Options recognized by configure
+The configure script in the toplevel directory will recognize these
+options. It will pass them to the configure scripts in the tools,
+stubdomw and docs directory.
+Individual subsystems can be selected by one of the following options.
+Please note that stubdom requires tools. 
+  --disable-xen
+  --disable-tools
+  --enable-stubdom
+  --disable-docs
+The well known GNU configure options to specify the target directories.
+Some components of these paths will be compiled into the binaries.
+Note: prefix defaults to /usr/local, sysconfdir defaults to /etc,
+localstatedir defaults to /var.
+  --prefix=DIR
+  --libdir=DIR
+  --libexecdir=BASEDIR
+  --bindir=DIR
+  --sbindir=DIR
+  --sysconfdir=DIR
+  --sharedstatedir=DIR
+  --localstatedir=DIR
+  --includedir=DIR
+  --datarootdir=DIR
+  --datadir=DIR
+  --mandir=DIR
+  --docdir=DIR
+To automatically run the toolstack in dom0 during system startup some
+sysv runlevel scripts are installed. This option allows to set the path
+for a given system. Possible values are /etc/init.d, /etc/rc.d/init.d or
+/etc/rc.d. If not specified configure tries to guess the path.
+  --with-initddir=DIR
+The runlevel scripts load certain configuration files. They are
+typically located in a subdirectory of /etc. Possible values are this
+subdirectory are "sysconfig" or "default". If not specified configure
+tries to guess the subdir.
+  --with-sysconfig-leaf-dir=SUBDIR
+If the tools are configured with a non-standard --prefix the runtime
+linker will either not find the required libraries or it will load them
+from a wrong location. Compiling the tools with rpath will force the
+linker to look in the correct location.
+  --enable-rpath
+During build in a git checkout the buildsystem needs to download
+additional tools such as qemu. This is done with either the native git
+protocol, or via http if this option is enabled.
+  --enable-githttp
+Disable xenstat and xentop monitoring tools.
+  --disable-monitors
+Disable build of certain ocaml libaries and tools. To actually build
+them ocaml development packages must be installed. If they are missing
+configure will automatically disable this option.
+  --disable-ocamltools
+Disable XSM policy compilation.
+  --disable-xsmpolicy
+Attempt to build of an OVMF firmware binary. This requires special
+versions of development tools. Use at your own risk.
+  --enable-ovmf
+Use the given OVMF binary instead of compiling a private copy.
+  --with-system-ovmf=PATH
+Build a private copy of SeaBIOS.
+  --disable-seabios
+Use the given SeaBIOS binary instead of compiling a private copy.
+  --with-system-seabios=PATH
+Build the old qemu used by xm/xend. This is required if existing domUs
+should be migrated to this host, or if existing domU snapshots should be
+started with this version of the tools. Only if all domUs used the new
+upstream qemu during initial start it is safe to disable this option.
+The old qemu requires rombios, wich can be disable along with
+  --enable-qemu-traditional
+  --enable-rombios
+The libxl toolstack uses the upstream qemu per default. A private copy
+will be built. If desired this private copy can be configured with
+additional options passed to its configure script.
+  --with-extra-qemuu-configure-args="arg1 arg2"
+Use the given qemu binary instead of compiling a private copy.
+  --with-system-qemu=PATH
+A dom0 requires a set of backend drivers. The configure script already
+supplies a list of known drivers which are automatically loaded in dom0.
+This internal list can be changed with this option.
+  --with-linux-backend-modules="kmod1 kmod2"
+Two variants of a xenstored exist: the original xenstored written in C
+(xenstored) or the newer and robust one written in Ocaml (oxenstored).
+The oxenstored daemon is the default but can only be used if the
+required ocaml packages are installed. In case they are missing the
+original xenstored will be used. Valid names are xenstored and
+  --with-xenstored=name
+Using additional CFLAGS to build tools running in dom0 is required when
+building distro packages. This is the option to pass things like
+  --with-extra-cflags-tools=EXTRA_CFLAGS
+  --with-extra-cflags-qemu-traditional=EXTRA_CFLAGS
+  --with-extra-cflags-qemu-upstream=EXTRA_CFLAGS
+Instead of starting the tools in dom0 with sysv runlevel scripts they
+can also be started by systemd. If this option is enabled xenstored will
+receive the communication socked directly from systemd. So starting it
+manually will not work anymore. The paths to systemd internals can also
+be changed in case the default paths do not fit anymore.
+NOTE: if systemd development packages are installed the systemd support
+will be the enabled per default. Using --disable-systemd will override
+this detection and the sysv runlevel scripts have to be used.
+  --enable-systemd
+  --with-systemd=DIR
+  --with-systemd-modules-load=DIR
+The old backend drivers are disabled because qdisk is now the default.
+This option can be used to build them anyway.
+  --enable-blktap1
+  --enable-blktap2
+Build various stubom components, some are only example code. Its usually
+enough to specify just --enable-stubdom and leave these options alone.
+  --enable-ioemu-stubdom
+  --enable-c-stubdom
+  --enable-caml-stubdom
+  --disable-pv-grub
+  --disable-xenstore-stubdom
+  --enable-vtpm-stubdom
+  --enable-vtpmmgr-stubdom
+  --disable-extfiles
+Per default some parts of the tools code will print additional runtime
+debug. This option can be used to disable such code paths.
+  --disable-debug
+The configure script recognizes also many environment variables. Calling
+the individual configure scripts in the subdirectories with the "--help"
+option will list these environment variables.
+Variables recognized by make
+The following variables are recognized by the build system. They have to
+be passed as make options, like 'make variable=value'. Having these
+variables in the environment, like 'env variable=value make', will not
+work for most of them.
+In addition to pass variables as make options it is also supported to
+create a ".config" file in the toplevel directory. The file will be
+sourced by make(1).
+The well known variable to specify an offset during make install,
+useful for packaging.
+Per default some parts of the tools code will print additional runtime
+debug. This option can be used to disable such code paths. 
+If --prefix= was used during configure the and ocaml was enabled the
+resuling libraries will not be installed in the specified path. Instead
+the path provided by ocamlfind(1) will be used. This variable can be
+used to override this path. Using the environment variable
+OCAMLFIND_DESTDIR= and OCAMLFIND_METADIR= will have the same effect.
+The xen subsystem will install the hypervisor into fixed locations.
+BOOT_DIR defaults to /boot, EFI_DIR to /usr/lib64/efi.
+The make target 'rpmball' will build a xen.rpm. This variable can be
+used to append a custom string to the name.
+The hypervisor will report a certain version string. This variable can
+be used to append a custom string to the version.
+During boot xen will report a certain user@host string, which can be
+changed with these variables.
+The following variables can be used to tweak some aspects of the
+hypervisor build.
+During tools build external repos will be cloned into the source tree.
+This variable can be used to point to a different git binary to be used.
+During tools build external repos will be cloned into the source tree.
+During stubdom build external packages will be downloaded into the
+source tree. These variables can be used to point to a different
+This variable can be used to use DIR/include and DIR/lib during build.
+APPEND_INCLUDES= will be appendend to the CFLAGS/LDFLAGS variable.
+While the tools build will set the path to the python binary with the
+configure script, the hypervisor build has to use this variable to use a
+different python binary.
+Building the python tools may fail unless certain options are passed to
+setup.py. Config.mk contains additional info how to use this variable.
+The hypervisor may be build with XSM support, which can be changed with
+the following variables.
+Do a build for coverage.
+Use clang instead of GCC.
+Systemd support
+If the systemd development packages are available then the support for
+systemd will be enabled per default. It is required to manually enable
+the installed systemd service files. Systemd has dependency tracking,
+which means all dependencies wil be started automatically:
+systemctl enable xen-qemu-dom0-disk-backend.service
+systemctl enable xen-init-dom0.service
+systemctl enable xenconsoled.service
+Other optional services are:
+systemctl enable xen-domains.service
+systemctl enable xen-watchdog.service
+History of options
+Prior to xen-4.5 configure recognized essentially only the --prefix= and
+--libdir= option to specify target directories. Starting with xen-4.5
+all paths can be adjusted once with configure.
+* To build a private copy of tools and xen:
+configure --prefix=/odd/path --sysconfdir=/odd/path/etc --enable-rpath
+sudo make install BOOT_DIR=/ood/path/boot EFI_DIR=/odd/path/efi
+* Use configure and make to build a distro rpm package (it is required
+  to unset variables set by the rpm configure macro):
+export WGET=$(type -P false)
+export GIT=$(type -P false)
+%configure \
+        --with-extra-cflags-tools="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS" \
+        --with-extra-cflags-qemu-traditional="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS" \
+        --with-extra-cflags-qemu-upstream="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS" \
+        --with-initddir=%{_initddir} 
+make install \
+        SYSCONFIG_DIR=/var/adm/fillup-templates \
+* To build xen and tools using a cross compiler:
+./configure --build=x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu --host=aarch64-linux-gnu
+make XEN_TARGET_ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-
+make XEN_TARGET_ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- \
+        DESTDIR=/some/path install
+ - DESTDIR should be empty, not "/"
+ - add make uninstall targets
+ - replace private path variables as needed (SBINDIR/sbindir)
+ - ...
+# vim: tw=72 et
diff --git a/README b/README
index 6840290..412607a 100644
--- a/README
+++ b/README
@@ -109,8 +109,7 @@ performed with root privileges.]
     # make world
     # make install
-   If you want, you can run ./configure --help to see the list of
-   options available options when building and installing Xen.
+   See the documentation in the INSTALL file for more info.
    This will create and install onto the local machine. It will build
    the xen binary (xen.gz), the tools and the documentation.
@@ -165,21 +164,6 @@ change take effect.
 [1] http://wiki.xen.org/wiki/XenStoreReference
 [2] http://wiki.xen.org/wiki/Xenstored
-Systemd support
-If you have systemd development packages installed you can build binaries
-with systemd support. Systemd support is enabled by default if you have
-systemd development libraries present. If you want to force enable systemd to
-ensure you build binaries with systemd support you can use the --enable-systemd
-flag. Likewise if you want to force disable systemd you can use:
-       ./configure --disable-systemd
-For more details refer to the xen xenstored systemd wiki page [3].
-[3] http://wiki.xen.org/wiki/Xenstored#xenstored_systemd_support
 Python Runtime Libraries

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