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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH v7 12/18] tools/libx{l, c}: add back channel to libxc

On Fri, Jan 29, 2016 at 01:27:28PM +0800, Wen Congyang wrote:
> In COLO mode, both VMs are running, and are considered in sync if the
> visible network traffic is identical.  After some time, they fall out of
> sync.
> At this point, the two VMs have definitely diverged.  Lets call the
> primary dirty bitmap set A, while the secondary dirty bitmap set B.
> Sets A and B are different.
> Under normal migration, the page data for set A will be sent from the
> primary to the secondary.
> However, the set difference B - A (the one in B but not in A, lets
> call this C) is out-of-date on the secondary (with respect to the
> primary) and will not be sent by the primary (to secondary), as it
> was not memory dirtied by the primary. The secondary needs C page data
> to reconstruct an exact copy of the primary at the checkpoint.
> The secondary cannot calculate C as it doesn't know A.  Instead, the
> secondary must send B to the primary, at which point the primary
> calculates the union of A and B (lets call this D) which is all the
> pages dirtied by both the primary and the secondary, and sends all page
> data covered by D.
> In the general case, D is a superset of both A and B.  Without the
> backchannel dirty bitmap, a COLO checkpoint can't reconstruct a valid
> copy of the primary.
> We transfer the dirty bitmap on libxc side, so we need to introduce back
> channel to libxc.
> Note: it is different from the paper. We change the original design to
> the current one, according to our following concerns:
> 1. The original design needs extra memory on Secondary host. When there's
>    multiple backups on one host, the memory cost is high.
> 2. The memory cache code will be another 1k+, it will make the review
>    more time consuming.
> Note: the back channel will be used in the patch

"will not be used" ?

I don't see any read / write to the newly introduced fd.

>  libxc/restore: send dirty pfn list to primary when checkpoint under COLO
> to send dirty pfn list from secondary to primary. The patch is posted in
> another series.
> Signed-off-by: Yang Hongyang <hongyang.yang@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Cooper <andrew.cooper3@xxxxxxxxxx>
> CC: Ian Campbell <Ian.Campbell@xxxxxxxxxx>
> CC: Ian Jackson <Ian.Jackson@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> CC: Wei Liu <wei.liu2@xxxxxxxxxx>
> ---
>  /*----- helper execution -----*/
> +static int dup_fd_helper(libxl__gc *gc, int fd, const char *what)
> +{
> +    int dup_fd = fd;
> +
> +    if (fd <= 2) {
> +        dup_fd = dup(fd);
> +        if (dup_fd < 0) {
> +            LOGE(ERROR,"dup %s", what);
> +            exit(-1);
> +        }
> +    }
> +    libxl_fd_set_cloexec(CTX, dup_fd, 0);
> +
> +    return dup_fd;
> +}

It would be better if introduction of this helper to be separated into a
different patch.

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