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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 2/8] xen/balloon: Move common memory reservation routines to a module

On 05/30/2018 06:54 PM, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
On 05/30/2018 04:29 AM, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
On 05/29/2018 11:03 PM, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
On 05/29/2018 02:22 PM, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
On 05/29/2018 09:04 PM, Boris Ostrovsky wrote:
On 05/25/2018 11:33 AM, Oleksandr Andrushchenko wrote:
@@ -463,11 +457,6 @@ static enum bp_state
increase_reservation(unsigned long nr_pages)
        int rc;
        unsigned long i;
        struct page   *page;
-    struct xen_memory_reservation reservation = {
-        .address_bits = 0,
-        .extent_order = EXTENT_ORDER,
-        .domid        = DOMID_SELF
-    };
          if (nr_pages > ARRAY_SIZE(frame_list))
            nr_pages = ARRAY_SIZE(frame_list);
@@ -486,9 +475,7 @@ static enum bp_state
increase_reservation(unsigned long nr_pages)
            page = balloon_next_page(page);
    -    set_xen_guest_handle(reservation.extent_start, frame_list);
-    reservation.nr_extents = nr_pages;
-    rc = HYPERVISOR_memory_op(XENMEM_populate_physmap, &reservation);
+    rc = xenmem_reservation_increase(nr_pages, frame_list);
        if (rc <= 0)
            return BP_EAGAIN;
    @@ -496,29 +483,7 @@ static enum bp_state
increase_reservation(unsigned long nr_pages)
            page = balloon_retrieve(false);
            BUG_ON(page == NULL);
-        /*
-         * We don't support PV MMU when Linux and Xen is using
-         * different page granularity.
-         */
-        if (!xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap)) {
-            unsigned long pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
-            set_phys_to_machine(pfn, frame_list[i]);
-            /* Link back into the page tables if not highmem. */
-            if (!PageHighMem(page)) {
-                int ret;
-                ret = HYPERVISOR_update_va_mapping(
-                        (unsigned long)__va(pfn << PAGE_SHIFT),
-                        mfn_pte(frame_list[i], PAGE_KERNEL),
-                        0);
-                BUG_ON(ret);
-            }
-        }
+        xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_update(1, &page,

Can you make a single call to xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_update(rc,
...)? You need to keep track of pages but presumable they can be put
into an array (or a list). In fact, perhaps we can have
balloon_retrieve() return a set of pages.
This is actually how it is used later on for dma-buf, but I just
didn't want
to alter original balloon code too much, but this can be done, in
order of simplicity:

1. Similar to frame_list, e.g. static array of struct page* of size
more static memory is used, but no allocations

2. Allocated at run-time with kcalloc: allocation can fail
If this is called in freeing DMA buffer code path or in error path then
we shouldn't do it.

3. Make balloon_retrieve() return a set of pages: will require
list/array allocation
and handling, allocation may fail, balloon_retrieve prototype change
balloon pages are strung on the lru list. Can we keep have
balloon_retrieve return a list of pages on that list?
First of all, before we go deep in details, I will highlight
the goal of the requested change: for balloon driver we call
xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_update(*1*, &page, &frame_list[i]);
from increase_reservation
xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(*1*, &page);
from decrease_reservation and it seems to be not elegant because of
that one page/frame passed while we might have multiple pages/frames
passed at once.

In the balloon driver the producer of pages for increase_reservation
is balloon_retrieve(false) and for decrease_reservation it is
In case of decrease_reservation the page is added on the list:
list_add(&page->lru, &pages);

and in case of increase_reservation it is retrieved page by page
and can be put on a list as well with the same code from
decrease_reservation, e.g.
list_add(&page->lru, &pages);

Thus, both decrease_reservation and increase_reservation may hold
their pages on a list before calling

For that we need a prototype change:
xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(<nr_pages>, <list of pages>);
But for xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_update it will look like:
xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_update(<nr_pages>, <list of pages>,
<array of frames>)
which seems to be inconsistent. Converting entries of the static
frame_list array
into corresponding list doesn't seem to be cute as well.

For dma-buf use-case arrays are more preferable as dma-buf constructs
tables from array of pages etc. and if page list is passed then it
needs to be
converted into page array anyways.

So, we can:
1. Keep the prototypes as is, e.g. accept array of pages and use
nr_pages == 1 in
case of balloon driver (existing code)
2. Statically allocate struct page* array in the balloon driver and
fill it with pages
when those pages are retrieved:
static struct page *page_list[ARRAY_SIZE(frame_list)];
which will take additional 8KiB of space on 64-bit platform, but
simplify things a lot.
3. Allocate struct page *page_list[ARRAY_SIZE(frame_list)] dynamically

As to Boris' suggestion "balloon pages are strung on the lru list. Can
we keep have
balloon_retrieve return a list of pages on that list?"
Because of alloc_xenballooned_pages' retry logic for page retireval, e.g.
     while (pgno < nr_pages) {
         page = balloon_retrieve(true);
         if (page) {
         } else {
             ret = add_ballooned_pages(nr_pages - pgno);
I wouldn't change things that much.

IMO, we can keep 1 page based API with the only overhead for balloon
driver of
function calls to xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_{update|reset} for
each page.

I still think what I suggested is doable but we can come back to it
later and keep your per-page implementation for now.

BTW, I also think you can further simplify
xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_* routines by bailing out right away if
xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap). In fact, you might even
make them inlines, along the lines of

inline void xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(unsigned long count,
                                         struct page **pages)
        if (!xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))
How about:

static inline __xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(struct page *page)


void xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(unsigned long count,
                     struct page **pages)
    if (!xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap)) {
        int i;

        for (i = 0; i < count; i++)

This way I can use __xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(page);
instead of xenmem_reservation_va_mapping_reset(1, &page);
Or some such.



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