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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH] mm: make opt_bootscrub non-init

>>> On 23.11.18 at 15:30, <roger.pau@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> LLVM code generation can attempt to load from a variable in the next
> condition of an expression under certain circumstances, thus turning
> the following condition:
> if ( system_state < SYS_STATE_active && opt_bootscrub == BOOTSCRUB_IDLE )
> Into:
> 0xffff82d080223967 <+103>: cmpl   $0x3,0x37b032(%rip) # 0xffff82d08059e9a0 
> <system_state>
> 0xffff82d08022396e <+110>: setb   -0x29(%rbp)
> 0xffff82d080223972 <+114>: cmpl   $0x2,0x228a8b(%rip) # 0xffff82d08044c404 
> <opt_bootscrub>
> Such code will trigger a page fault if system_state >=
> SYS_STATE_active because opt_bootscrub will be unmapped.
> Fix this by making opt_bootscrub non-init, thus preventing the page
> fault. The LLVM bug with the discussion about this issue can be found
> at:
> https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=39707 
> I haven't been able to find any other instances of such conditional
> expression that uses system_state together with an init variable or
> function.
> Signed-off-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@xxxxxxxxxx>

I can accept this as a band-aid, so I'm not going to nack it, but
I don't view this as a feasible solution to the problem. That's in
particular because nothing is done at all to prevent future
similar issues. Even worse, ...

> --- a/xen/common/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/xen/common/page_alloc.c
> @@ -166,7 +166,7 @@ enum bootscrub_mode {
>  };
> -static enum bootscrub_mode __initdata opt_bootscrub = BOOTSCRUB_IDLE;
> +static enum bootscrub_mode opt_bootscrub = BOOTSCRUB_IDLE;

... no comment gets added here, which will make it rather likely
for someone to notice the missing __initdata and add it back. For
such a "trivial" change I wouldn't expect people to go do extra

As an aside - __read_mostly should be added here instead.

Furthermore, while I trust your audit wrt system_state
accesses, these aren't the only potentially problematic ones.
For example in x86 specific code we pass around a boolean
indicating whether we're initializing the BSP or an AP. In other
places we compare the passed around struct cpuinfo_x86
pointer to the address of boot_cpu_data to tell apart the two
cases. The first example I can spot is guarding a function call
(to mcetelem_init()), so not a problem here, but I wouldn't
bet there are no __initdata variable accesses anywhere.


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