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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 3/3] x86/mm-locks: apply a bias to lock levels for current domain

>>> On 19.12.18 at 13:38, <george.dunlap@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On 12/19/18 12:10 PM, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>> On Wed, Dec 19, 2018 at 11:40:14AM +0000, George Dunlap wrote:
>>> On 12/18/18 4:05 PM, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
>>>> paging_log_dirty_op function takes mm locks from a subject domain and
>>>> then attempts to perform copy to operations against the caller
>>>> domain in order to copy the result of the hypercall into the caller
>>>> provided buffer.
>>>> This works fine when the caller is a non-paging domain, but triggers a
>>>> lock order panic when the caller is a paging domain due to the fact
>>>> that at the point where the copy to operation is performed the subject
>>>> domain paging lock is locked, and the copy operation requires locking
>>>> the caller p2m lock which has a lower level.
>>>> Fix this limitation by adding a bias to the level of the caller domain
>>>> mm locks, so that the lower caller domain mm lock always has a level
>>>> greater than the higher subject domain lock level. This allows locking
>>>> the subject domain mm locks and then locking the caller domain mm
>>>> locks, while keeping the same lock ordering and the changes mostly
>>>> confined to mm-locks.h.
>>>> Note that so far only this flow (locking a subject domain locks and
>>>> then the caller domain ones) has been identified, but not all possible
>>>> code paths have been inspected. Hence this solution attempts to be a
>>>> non-intrusive fix for the problem at hand, without discarding further
>>>> changes in the future if other valid code paths are found that require
>>>> more complex lock level ordering.
>>>> Signed-off-by: Roger Pau Monné <roger.pau@xxxxxxxxxx>
>>> As a quick fix I think this general approach is OK; the thing I don't
>>> like is that it's symmetric.  We don't *expect* to ever have a situation
>>> where A grabs one of its own MM locks and then one of B's, *and* B then
>>> grabs one of its own locks and then A's; but it could happen.
>> I have not identified such scenario ATM, but we cannot discard future
>> features needing such interlocking I guess. In any case, I think this
>> is something that would have to be solved when we came across such
>> scenario IMO.
> Right -- and the purpose of these macros is to make sure that we
> discover such potential deadlocks in testing rather than in production.
>>> Since we've generally identified dom0 which may be grabbing locks of a
>>> PVH stubdom, which may be grabbing logs of a normal domU, would it be
>>> possible / make sense instead to give a 2x bonus for dom0, and a 1x
>>> bonus for "is_priv_for" domains?
>> Jan pointed out such case, but I'm not sure I can see how this is
>> supposedly to happen even given the scenario above, I have to admit
>> however I'm not that familiar with the mm code, so it's likely I'm
>> missing something.
>> Hypercalls AFAIK have a single target (or subject) domain, so even if
>> there's a stubdomain relation I'm not sure I see why that would
>> require this kind of locking, any domain can perform hypercalls
>> against a single subject domain, and the hypervisor itself doesn't
>> even know about stubdomain relations.
> We're considering three potential cases:
> A. dom0 makes a hypercall w/ domU as a target.
> B. dom0 makes a hypercall w/ stubdom as a target.
> c. stubdom makes a hypercall w/ domU as a target.
> We could give only dom0 a bonus.  In that case, A and B would work, but
> C might fail (since stubdom's lock values are the same as domU's).
> We could give both dom0 and stubdoms a bonus.  In that case, A and C
> would work, but B might fail (since the stubdom's lock values are the
> same as dom0's).
> Or, we could do what I've proposed: give stubdom a bonus, and dom0 a
> double bonus.  That way all 3 work, since dom0's lock values !=
> stubdom's lock values, and stubdom's lock values != domU's lock values.
> On the other hand, starting simple and adding things in as you find you
> need them isn't a bad approach; so possibly just giving a bonus to dom0
> is a good place to start.

I'm not sure your reply is intentionally not matching the way Roger
has currently implemented it: There's no Dom0 bonus right now, but
instead a "current domain" one (covering Dom0 or stubdom, whenever
they act on their target domain(s)). It was for this reason that I did
suggest (but you better express by your A/B/C scheme) the two
layers of what you call bonus - it is more obviously correct that way,
despite there not being any scenario that we can think of right now
where all 3 layers would actually get involved.


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