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[Xen-devel] [PATCH v5 04/16] arm: poison initmem when it is freed.

The current byte sequence is '0xcc' which makes sense on x86,
but on ARM it is:

cccccccc        stclgt  12, cr12, [ip], {204}   ; 0xcc

Picking something more ARM applicable such as:

efefefef        svc     0x00efefef

Creates a nice crash if one executes that code:
(XEN) CPU1: Unexpected Trap: Supervisor Call

But unfortunately that may not be a good choice either as in the future
we may want to implement support for it.

Julien suggested that we use a 4-byte insn instruction instead
of trying to work with one byte. To make sure nothing goes bad
we also require that the __init_[begin|end] be aligned properly.

As such on ARM 32 we use the udf instruction (see A8.8.247
in ARM DDI 0406C.c) and on ARM 64 use the AARCH64_BREAK_FAULT
instruction (aka brk instruction).

We don't have to worry about Thumb code so this instruction
is a safe to execute.

Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Julien Grall <julien.grall@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@xxxxxxxxxx>

v3: New submission
v4: Instead of using 0xef, use specific insn for architectures.
    Fix the loop to cover the full 'len' instead of 1/4 of it
    (used __init_begin which is a char instead of uint32_t).
 xen/arch/arm/mm.c      | 15 ++++++++++++++-
 xen/arch/arm/xen.lds.S |  6 ++++++
 2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/mm.c b/xen/arch/arm/mm.c
index 07e2037..99588a3 100644
--- a/xen/arch/arm/mm.c
+++ b/xen/arch/arm/mm.c
@@ -994,8 +994,21 @@ void free_init_memory(void)
     paddr_t pa = virt_to_maddr(__init_begin);
     unsigned long len = __init_end - __init_begin;
+    uint32_t insn;
+    unsigned int i, nr = len / sizeof(insn);
+    uint32_t *p;
     set_pte_flags_on_range(__init_begin, len, mg_rw);
-    memset(__init_begin, 0xcc, len);
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_32
+    /* udf instruction i.e (see A8.8.247 in ARM DDI 0406C.c) */
+    insn = 0xe7f000f0;
+    insn = AARCH64_BREAK_FAULT;
+    p = (uint32_t *)__init_begin;
+    for ( i = 0; i < nr; i++ )
+        *(p + i) = insn;
     set_pte_flags_on_range(__init_begin, len, mg_clear);
     init_domheap_pages(pa, pa + len);
     printk("Freed %ldkB init memory.\n", (long)(__init_end-__init_begin)>>10);
diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/xen.lds.S b/xen/arch/arm/xen.lds.S
index 47b910d..ddef595 100644
--- a/xen/arch/arm/xen.lds.S
+++ b/xen/arch/arm/xen.lds.S
@@ -221,3 +221,9 @@ SECTIONS
  * code running on the boot time identity map cannot cross a section boundary.
 ASSERT( _end_boot - start <= PAGE_SIZE, "Boot code is larger than 4K")
+ * __init_[begin|end] MUST be at word size boundary otherwise we cannot
+ * write fault instructions in the space properly.
+ */
+ASSERT(IS_ALIGNED(__init_begin,     4), "__init_begin is misaligned")
+ASSERT(IS_ALIGNED(__init_end,       4), "__init_end is misaligned")

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